The Ghana Health Service (GHS) says it has five cases of monkeypox in three regions of the country.
The Director-General of the Service, Dr Patrick Kuma-Aboagye, who confirmed this stated the cases were recorded in the Eastern, Western and Greater Accra regions.
The cases, he said, were identified through the testing of 12 suspected cases, including one case that was reported from the Western Region.
One of the cases was also recorded in a Ghanaian who travelled to the United States of America from Ghana, Dr Patrick Kuma-Aboagye said at a press conference on wednesday.
“So far, since the outbreak, we’ve tested 12 suspected cases in Ghana since May 24, 2022. Currently, we have confirmed five cases in three regions – Eastern, Western and Greater Accra,” he explained.
Dr Kumah Aboagye added that no deaths have occurred among the cases but urged Ghanaians to report to the hospital when they see the rash.
“Prevention is the key activity that we all must embark on and also early detection and reporting if we see any rash,” he added.
Monkeypox is a member of a closely related group of viruses in the Orthopoxvirus genus that includes smallpox, cowpox, and camelpox.
It was first discovered in the summer of 1958 as a non-lethal, smallpox-like, skin disease in captive monkeys at a research institute in Denmark.
The name monkeypox is a misnomer since terrestrial African rodents (rats and squirrels) serve as the natural reservoir of the virus, while monkeys and other primates are believed to be accidental hosts.
Mode of Transmission
Monkeypox can be transmitted through close physical contact with animals or humans, their body fluids, contaminated droplet particles from respiratory secretions or infected skin lesions, and indirectly by way of “fomites” (inanimate objects such as bed linens, towels, and hard surfaces that may be laden with infectious virus particles).
The clinical manifestations of human monkeypox infection mimic those of smallpox, but are typically much milder. Unlike monkeypox, smallpox is an eradicated disease, has no animal reservoir, and does not usually affect the lymph nodes.
The incubation period of monkeypox in humans ranges from four to 21 days and is followed by a one- to five-day phase of fevers, chills, sweats, fatigue and enlarged, tender lymph nodes in the neck and groin.